Review of CTS Text (Week 3~Week12)

Review of CTS Text

Summary of what have I learned in CTS lesson


Summary of Week 3 Lesson: Library Research



Careful and detailed investigation of a problem, concern, issue, question.


Increase knowledge / evidence “generalised” / knowledge / Find answers to problems / establish facts / develop new theories / …


  1. Formulate a question OR select a topic
  2. Find out how others have approached the question OR topic

*Very important to use authoritative sources


Once it has been determined that the problem, concern, issue, the question is worth studying.



Work that has been written by an expert who is recognized in his or her field of expertise.

Use authoritative works to develop your understanding of your topic.

Evaluating sources is a Key Academic Skill.


Who wrote it?:

What sort of voice does the author have?

Do they use evidence or opinion?

Do they have credentials?

Who reads it?:

What does the tone, language and content suggest about the intended audience?

Who edited it?:

Is there an editor?



Summary of Week 4 Lesson: Globalization


Movements of people happen for many reasons, what examples of movements of people can you think of?

Classmate’s answer:


“Move for the better life.”






  • Do you agree that mass entertainment makes people less critical?

Or do you think that it is a positive thing?

  • How does the media audience with different values?


Personal Views:

Micromarketing – Is that a kind of globalization?

No. Micromarketing is just marketing(globalization). Amani used the Asian model of Asia market. Actually, that’s a kind of “different”. Different from thought and views from other areas.

There’s one thing important of micromarketing: pertinence. “Pertinence” is another word of “deal with different things or people in different ways”. Even it is not a bad thing, but in fact, that made things different.



Summary of Week 6 Lesson: Journalism

Journalism is a discovery of the 19th century.

Unlike other forms of communication, the value of journalism lies in its purpose to offer people information.

On journalism: What is News?

The news is “something that will make people talk”. ——Editor of New York Sun, Charles A. Dona

Journalism: Examples of Story Forms

New story / interviews / feature / column / blogging / diaries / graphic / source

Personal Summary of “Is Glenn Greenwald the Future of News?”:

I’ve read letters in New York Times. These letters are written by Bill Keller and Glenn Greenwald. They talk about the future of News, the most important opinion is ‘Can reporters and editors add their personal views to pages?’

This is a deep question. Can personal views appear on pages like newspapers or magazines? Bill’s answer is no. Because reporters always have their own ideas and they can’t pretend just like they don’t have it. He thought journalism is a job which could tell readers what he thinks and what they thought to think. Express ideas, thoughts, the experience is a big part of journalism.

But Glenn got the views against him. He thought the readers have the right to know what they want to know, the truth of what happened. The honest about reporters’ opinions will influence readers’ thought. Giving other people space to thinking about issue and information is important than reporters’ own thought.


Summary of Week 7 Lesson: Modernism & Post-Modernism

Personal Summary of Modernism & Post-Modernism / Some Notes:


To show the things that creators want to express. It can not just talk about beautiful things like Eat, Pray, Love. Plato thinks ‘the truth’ and ‘the good’ is beautiful. But in modernism, ‘the truth’ and ‘the good’ could be fake. Both fake and beautiful. The important thing is to think this question in different views.

The mean point is, not every piece of works should be beautiful enough. They could be ugly, untidy, confused. But it is real, and there is something still beautiful in it.


“Der Gott ist tot.”——Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Which means God can’t be the moral standard and ultimate goal of human society. The people in Europe start to concerned the world in new views.

Two directions of works:

  • Aestheticism
  • Naturalism

Modernism (in literature):

  • No longer pursue the depiction of social reality.
  • The use of many is nonlinear narration.
  • The symbolic metaphor is widely used.
  • It pays more attention to human subjectivity and has deep humanitarian.
  • Rebelled against the inheritance of traditional literature, but the rebellion was not so obvious.


Summary of Week 8 Lesson: Introduction to Visual Communication and Culture

“It is not just part of your everyday life, it is your everyday life.”

——Visual Communication

What do think Mirzoeff means by the words ‘visual technology’ ?

“Visual culture is concerned with visual events in which information, meaning or pleasure is sought by the consumer in an interface with visual technology. ”

——Mirzoeff, 2009 ↑↓

“By visual technology, I mean any form of apparatus designed to either be looked at or to enhance natural vision, from oil painting to television and the internet.”

What is [visual] culture?

“Culture, it is argued, is not so much a set of things – novels and paintings or TV programmes and comics – as a process, a set of practices.”

——Hall, 2009 ↑↓

“It is by our use of things, and what we say, think and feel about them – how we represent them – that we give them meaning. ”

It may be not the sign itself have meaning, but people give it meaning. (plates)

[Visual] Communication


“In language, we use signs and symbols – whether they are sounds, written words, electronically produced images, musical notes, even objects – to stand for, or represent to other people our concepts, ideas and feelings.”

——Hall, 2009

Communication ways?

To look / to watch / to stare / to gaze / to glance

Design for different audiences / anybody

Signifier photos


Summary of Week 9 Lesson: Cinema and the Digital Image

  • Bayeux Tapestry (1077)

The death of King Harold at the battle of Hastings

  • The myth of Death (Mark Tansey, 1984)
  • New Years’ Eve on Well Street, Manchester (Juel Goodman, 2015)
  • Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960)

The relationship between CGI and Reality

  • How is the image on the screen linked to reality?

Types of Digital Cinema

  1. Digital image processing
  2. Computer generated imaging proper
  • Lord of War (2015) *point of view * CGI
  • Gravity

In classical theory, the cinematic image was thought to be an indexical sign

*Perceptual Realism

Personal Summary of the film “Arrive”:

Great movie, especially the screenshots and sound effect. The shadows and lights in the movie are moving viewer’s sight. With the expression of character, at the first, we will see the moving by placing like the mean character. It may be a kind of fear and excitement. But with the process of the film, we will find the protagonist’s personality and stories are becoming more and more significantly. It depends on the expressive force of shots.

E.T.s in the movie “Arrive” is not horrible. In my personal opinion, “Arrive” is not a horror. There are too many humanistic things in it, so they needn’t made E.T.s horrible. That’s a part of ‘cinema’, use these way to let viewers know what you want to express.


Summary of Week 12 Lesson: Plagiarism and Referencing Workshop

  1. What do you know about plagiarism and how to avoid it?
  2. Plagiarism is: when you copy someone else’s work or use their ideas in your essay, coursework, thesis etc., and do not acknowledge that you have done this.
  3. This might include: “Ideas, opinions, theories, facts, stats, diagrams, images, info, quotations, words”. (Savage, 2008, p. 7)
  4. What is a reference?
  5. Reference is A description of any document from which you have taken information.

Credit should be given in TWO places:


Cited publications are referred to IN the body of the essay using the author’s surname, year of publication and page number- in-text referencing’ (Hanson, 2010, p.12).


And are listed in the bibliography/ reference list at the end of your essay: end- text referencing.

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